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Diamond Education

A BRILLIANTLY SIMPLE GUIDE


Understanding the first four C’s is helpful when selecting a diamond. Walters & Hogsett Jewelers are your diamond experts—and the first place to consider when you’re looking for that important fifth C…Confidence.

The first step to take is to figure out the perfect diamond shape.

SHAPE MAKES A DIFFERENCE

Did you know that the shape you choose for your center diamond has an impact on how your ring looks and feels? Consider the benefits of each of these shapes when you’re choosing.

Round Brilliant

The most popular; cut for maximum brilliance.

PRINCESS CUT

The most popular fancy-cut; has a great deal of sparkle.

PEAR

Teardrop-shaped, with a great deal of sparkle.

HEART

A sentimental cut that is sometimes hard to find.

ASSCHER CUT

An elegant square shape with blocked corners that make diamonds appear octagonal.

EMERALD

Rectangular with parallel facets and blocked corners; produces a hall-of-mirrors effect.

MARQUISE

An elongated shape with tapering points at both ends; flatters the finger.

cushion

A square cut with rounded corners, much like a pillow; arguably giving the most sparkle.

RADIANT CUT

A combination of the emerald cut and the round brilliant; typically with blocked corners.

OVAL

A modified brilliant-cut with similar fire; elongated shape creates the illusion of greater size.

BEYOND THE FOUR C’S.

CUT

Ever wonder what gives a diamond its brilliance and sparkle? Cut, and the proportions of that diamond, have the biggest impact on your diamond’s appearance and quality. At Walters & Hogsett, we believe you invest in an exceptional cut first and foremost – if brilliance is important to you. 


A diamond cut with the most exacting proportions for its shape. Think of it like this: The bottom of the diamond has facets, and those facets act like mirrors. When the facets are cut at the proper angle, light enters through the top of the diamond, bounces off the mirrors, and returns to your eye in a full spectrum of color. The opposite is true for a poorly cut diamond with incongruous proportions. It will allow light to escape out the bottom and sides, resulting in a dull, dark appearance.

And finally, an exceptional cut will also increase your diamond’s value. 

COLOR

A big misconception is that white diamonds are not all colorless. The spectrum ranges from light yellow to totally colorless. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) created a lettering system from D to Z, which is used to identify the amount of color present in each diamond with D awarded only to rare, totally colorless diamonds. Colorless diamonds however, can be graded D, E or F. A near colorless diamond can be rated G, H, I or J. Your value increases the more colorless the diamond actually is.


Learn more here!


CLARITY

Natural diamonds are formed by tremendous heat and pressure deep within the earth. This process can result in “inclusions” and “blemishes”. No diamond is perfect, that’s important to understand. Along with the interesting fact that no two are alike! The closer a diamond comes to perfection, the higher the value. An inclusion is often difficult to see to the naked eye and seldom affects the beauty of the diamond. However, it does affect the price!

See the complete GIA clarity scale here.



Internally flawless
Very very slight
inclusions
Very slight
inclusions
Slight Inclusions
Imperfect

CARAT

Carat, or the size of the diamond, typically plays an important part of your decision. Think of it as a dollar which can also be 100 pennies. A 50-point diamond weighs 0.50 carats. However, the weight can provide you a different value based on the other 3 C’s. A fraction of a carat can also mean a difference in cost, which is why this can play such an important part of your buying decision.

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